These days, the hottest trend in web development is CSS Grid layouts. Forget about floats and table layouts; a fresh approach to website design is currently available. With just a few CSS rules, this approach creates two-dimensional grids that specify a variety of layout zones or these eliminate the need for external frameworks like 960gs or Bootstrap grid since you can easily handle everything yourself!
Due to their flexibility and ability to deliver a consistent user experience on a variety of devices, grids are becoming increasingly popular in web development. This is because they allow designers to construct a variety of complicated designs and layouts.
In this article, we’ll discuss when we should use CSS Grid Layout or the best use practices with it; we will also touch on the difference between Flexbox and Grid Layout to demonstrate CSS Grid in action.
So, let’s dive into it.
When We Should Use CSS Grid Layouts?
Although CSS Grid Layouts can be used in almost every part of web development, but there are some situations where it’s excellent.
- You need to implement a challenging design: When we have to develop complicated designs in some use situations, CSS grid’s power really shines through. We can use this two-dimensional layout approach to our advantage to make more intricate and maintainable web pages because it is ideal for creating complicated designs.
- There must be space between block elements: The gap property is another feature of CSS grid Layouts that is very useful. Without using the margin property, which might have unintended consequences when working with several breakpoints, we can easily set the space between our rows or columns.
- If you need to overlap elements, utilizing CSS grid layouts is a fairly simple process. All you need to do is utilize the grid-column and grid-row properties to create overlapping items.
- You require a layout-first design: It’s simpler to develop using CSS grid when you already have your layout design structure in place, and the two-dimensional layout system is quite helpful when we can employ rows and columns together and position the elements as we want. Related Article: Useful VS Code Extensions.
Best Practices with CSS Grid Layout
1: What Grid Layout Techniques Should I Employ?
“With so many options in Grid, it was difficult to stick to a consistent writing style so that it would be maintainable by the entire team (e.g., naming grid lines or not, setting grid-template-areas, fallbacks, media queries).”
No approach is correct or incorrect. We will discuss a few of the confusion’s prevalent themes below.
2: Which CSS Grid should I use, Implicit or Explicit?
The Explicit Grid is the grid that you define with grid-template-columns and grid-template-rows. The Explicit Grid allows you to name lines on the grid and target the end line of the grid with a negative number. In general, when you have a layout completely planned out and know precisely where your grid lines should go and the size of the tracks, you’ll choose an explicit grid to perform any of these things.
3: A Grid that is flexible and has a flexible number of columns
You can design a pattern of as many tracks as will fit inside a container by utilizing Repeat Notation, autofill, and minmax, partially doing away with the requirement for Media Queries. When you are willing to give a lot of scaling flexibility and are okay with material dropping below prior content when there is less room, use this strategy. You specifically requested an auto-fill feature and that your columns display with a minimum size.
Instead of utilizing auto-fill or auto-fit, it may be preferable to specify the number of columns and redefine it with media queries as necessary if you find that at some breakpoints you end up with an unpredictable amount of columns.
4: Supporting Older Browsers and Fallbacks
Modern browsers are, on the whole, far more compatible with one another than older ones. We tend to encounter significantly fewer true “browser issues,” and if HTML and CSS are used appropriately, what you see in one browser should generally be the same in another.
Of course, there are instances where a particular browser hasn’t yet provided support for all or a portion of a specification. We have been quite lucky with Grid in that a number of browsers quickly launched Grid Layout in a very full and interoperable manner. As a result, we frequently need to test both browsers with and without grids when conducting testing. The third sort of browser would therefore need to be tested if you choose to utilize the -ms prefixed version in IE10 and IE11.
Feature Queries are supported by browsers that support contemporary Grid Layout (not the IE version). This implies that you can evaluate Grid compatibility before utilizing it
Flexbox vs. Grid Layout
Many contemporary web designs use the fantastic CSS layout framework known as Flexbox. Flexbox and grid layout both have many characteristics in common, but they also differ in a few key ways. One of the most obvious differences is that the grid layout was intended for two-dimensional layouts, whereas flexbox was created for one-dimensional layouts.
You can customize the layout using a flexbox by either a row or a column. With a grid layout, you may customize the layout by adjusting the row and column. Grid layouts are frequently employed for more intricate layout designs because of these characteristics. Flexbox layouts are excellent for creating compact, straightforward layouts.
CSS Grid is a fantastic replacement for floats and is ready for production. As you can see, they are not overly complicated, and in general, the site is still usable even if there is no backwards compatibility at all. You might need to give some fallback rules for Internet Explorer (which implements an older version of the specification).
There would be a tone more to discuss given how extensive and dynamic the CSS Grid definition is. It’s time to step outside our comfort zones and stop utilizing flexbox everywhere just because we’re used to it.